By Human Rights Monitor
According to a report titled Extrajudicial Killings and Enforced Disappearance for August 2015 HRM was able to document 79 cases of death. HRM also reported on the elimination of nine civilians in different governorates nationwide.
HRM recorded over 79 cases of death mostly inside Egypt’s prisons and while others were eliminated. HRM condemns what the status of the citizen in Egypt has come to.
According to reports and testimonies documented most were killed because of their political affiliations which oppose the ruling regime in Egypt. The organization also documented sentences served including 32 death penalties based on fabricated accusations.
The report covers three detailed aspects covering different means of killings documented in August.
The first week of August, HRM published a report titled Security apparatus Extrajudicially Kills 23 Civilians in First Week of August
1: There were 5 cases of deaths, resulted of medical neglect in the first week of August:
On August 2nd Ezzat Hussein Mohammed Hussein Al-Salamouni (born 24 April 1958), died at Tora Prison of bowel obstruction. Al-Salamouni was taken to hospital on 28 July 2015 after suffering intestinal obstruction on 25 July 2015. Despite spending three days in the Intensive Care Unit, he suffered organ failure and was returned to the detention centre where he died.
On August 4, another detainee died the same way in Aqrab Prison, Morgan Mustafa Salem, 53 married with 6 children was arrested at the end of October 2013 on Shobra Khema in Daqahleya after finishing registration papers for his vehicle on which he worked as a driver. He remained arbitrarily detained without charge and denied visiting rights and medication for his heart condition and high blood pressure. His 45 day detention was routinely renewed without investigation until his death.
Detainee Ahmed Hussein Awad Ghozlan, 52, died August 1st inside the Abadeya prison hospital in Damanhour, Beheira, since it was ill equipped. The prison’s administration also refused to transfer the detainee to a suitable hospital for treatment. For their art Ahmed’s family confirmed his health had been deteriorating and his fever rose as he suffered vomiting and nausea with complete disregard by the prison’s administration even though he lost consciousness and detainees and his cell mates demanded attention adding that during his 5 months of detention he suffered greatly in poor conditions and high blood pressure.
Detainee, Ramadan Abdul-Aziz Badawi, 46, died on Sunday 2 August 2015 at the Central Prison of Al-Jabal Al-Gharabi in Sohaj, a year following his arrest. He was taken to Sohaj hospital on Saturday 1 August 2015 after complaining of diarrhea, vomiting, and fever, symptoms that strongly suggested he was suffering from food poisoning. The medical report did not specify the cause of death. His family confirmed that he was not complaining of any symptoms when they visited him on Friday 31 July 2015.
Civilian Mahmoud Hanafy Mahmoud Ali 59 died August 7 in the Ramleh Police Station in Alexandria as a result of medical negligence. Mahmoud suffered from a heart condition and diabetes and was detained at the police station since his arrest from his home in Almaks, Alexandria on July 7.
2: Cases of Direct Extrajudicial Execution
Five civilians were clearly targeted in Fayoum and killed on August 6 without justification. The victims were later accused of killing a police officer’s young daughter. The authorities in Egypt considers itself both the judiciary and executioner without regards to facts or evidence disregarding the right to a free and fair trial in front of a neutral court.
Every individual is entitled to a transparent hearing in a civil court in front of a fair and unbiased judiciary. The police apparatus in Egypt has completely neglected this right and has appointed itself judge ignoring the law.
The crime took place after police forces arrested 12 civilians from the apartment of one of the victims in Fayoum without legal support. The detainees were beaten and tortured inside the apartment for over three hours and later take to a police vehicle. On their way to the detention centre the police forces killed 5 of the civilians in cold blood and brought in the other 7.
The victims include: Abdul Salam Atia Heteeta 40, a teacher married and a father of 4, Abdul Aziz Heba 43, a teacher, Abdul Nasser Elwany 41, at teacher and married, Rabie Murad 39 and married and Ayman Salah 38 also married and a teacher.
HRM recorded 35 deaths between August 7 to 31st because of medical negligence held in inhumane detention centres
It also documented 5 directly killed by bullets and the death of 7 others as a result of high temperatures and poor ventilation and overcrowding. Two others died from torture and three others died reason unknown. One detainee went as far as committing suicide.
Leading member of Egypt’s outlawed Gamaa Islamiya group died in southern Cairo’s notorious Al-Aqrab Prison.
He was denied medical treatment, causing him to fall into a coma and subsequently die. Derbala in case 473 for 2014 had his detention renewed on 8th of August. He died the next day. Derbala, who had been an ally of ousted President Mohamed Morsi, had been detained on charges of belonging to an “outlawed” group in May 2014.
Salah Abdul Karim 23 died as a result of medical negligence inside Nasr City police station on August 7 after suffering from rheumatic fever in detention. He was denied medicine. According to his family he was well when he was arrested in the middle of Ramadan from the Marg district and accused of theft in case number 223 for 2015.
On August 11, Mohamed Abdul Hamid Ahmed 65 died inside the Gamaleya police headquarters. According to forensics who were ordered to examine the body by Chancellor Yehya Marwan, Mohamed died of natural causes.
On August 12, HRM learnt that Abdul Rahman Yusuf Ibrahim 58 a husband and father of 8 girls died inside Tora Prison because of medical neglect. He remained in detention for nearly 2 years after being arrested on August 21st, 2013 from his Suez home; He remained in Tora until his death after being held in inhumane conditions and suffered from diabetes and blood pressure. He was also denied medication.
Ahmed Mohamed Abdul Hakim Mesbah 20 was shot in the chest without reason on August 29 while held in detention in the National security headquarters in Balatoghly. He was abducted from Helwan three days earlier and beaten and his vehicle was seized. His family was unable to learn of his location until his death. Authorities at the Zenhom morgue did not hand over his body for burial immediately.
Detainee Mahmoud Ayad died in his cell at the May 15 Prison in Helwan at the end of August after his fever spiked and he began vomiting. The condition continued three days without help or necessary medical care offered to save his life.
One Mohamed Abdul Naby Alsheyoukh 22 died in the Imbaba Police Station in Giza after being brutally beaten with a large wooden bat on his head. He was subjected to torture after his arrest on August 4th according to reports documented by HRM.
HRM also documented on August 5th the death of Khaled S.A 42 in the Khanka Police Station after falling ill with high fever and vomiting profusely.
Mohamed Mahdy Haggag 42 dies on August 9 after his fever rose to 40 as a result of a kidney infection which worsened he had since his arrest on August 4 from the streets while he was on his way back from work. He was denied medication in the Ramleh police station where he was held pending investigation in case 1536 for 2015 where he was accused of protesting.
Medical negligence led to the death also of Gaber Ahmed Abu Emera on August 19 during his detention in Borg el Arab Prison in Alexandria. He suffered from liver disease, diabetes and high blood pressure. Gaber spent a year in detention after being arrested on June 1st, 2014 from his home without any legal support. He was subjected to brutal torture to confess to protesting without permit and belonging to an outlawed group in case number 15964 for 2014 and was served a three year prison sentence. His defense lawyer submitted an appeal on health grounds adding he suffered also from mobility problems and used a wheelchair since the beginning of the year. His request was rejected and he had not received the necessary care.
HRM documented on August 10th, the death of detainee Mohamed Abbas Mahran held in the Wady Gedeed Prison who died as a result of complications from low blood circulation. His body was transferred to the hospital morgue. HRM was unable to collect additional information regarding his death because of tight restrictions in Egypt.
On August 12, the health ministry in Wady Gedeed announced that the morgue received the body of 4 detainees from the general prison who died from health complications namely diabetes, blood pressure. The victims included Yaser Saad Ahmed Mohamed 39 from Qena. Abdul Razek Ahmed Hassan Omar 54, from Sohag, Nagy Hassanein Idris Nagy 42 from Assuit and Gamal Alsayed Sultan 51 from Fayoum.
Detainee Ragab Khalifa Abdul Wahab 45 a father of three died in Wady Gedeed Prison on August 18. The farmer was arrested on August 18 from his Gharba Saayda home in Beni Suef and was charged in case number 489 for 2014 after being accused of protesting without permit and hiding terrorists in his home. His family has no knowledge of the cause of death however stated that it had feared for his health since his arrest especially as it had learnt from unofficial sources that he had suffered from a spiked fever a few hours before his death.
On August 19, Wady Gedeed health administration announced the arrival of two more detainees who had died after suffering heat stroke in prison namely. Abdul Al Mustafa 57 and Ragab Khamis Abdul Wahab 35. A few days earlier Ayman Fathy Mahmoud from the same detention centre died because of the extreme heat.
Journalist Alaa Ahmad Selim 31, died on August 10 after he was abducted by security forces from his home in Arish in the beginning of August. He remained missing for 10 days and his family learnt of his death. They were shocked to find torture marks on his body and bullet shots
Sabah Mubarak Ishtoy 40, died Tuesday from injuries sustained after he was hit by a missile outside the Abu Badr Mosque in Rafah in North Sinai.
Eye witnesses reported that the missile came from a nearby military checkpoint hitting Sabah who was waiting for the evening prayer outside the mosque. The shrapnel which covered his body led to his death hours later.
HRM also documented the death of detainee Hany. M 23, who committed suicide in a Hurghada police station.
Citizen Mohamed Ahmed in his 40’s died Sunday August 30, inside a Hurghada Police Station before he was brought before prosecution. He was later transferred to the Hurghada Hospital morgue.
Mohamed Hassan Mohamed died in detention in the Koum Ambo Police Station in Aswan on August 10. No information regarding his death has been provided.
HRM recorded the death of three detainees who died in the underground cells on August 11, as a result of overcrowding. Many detainees passed out since the ventilation was extremely poor with no fans working raising the temperature inside the cells. The victims include Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed Mustafa 24, Hany Saeed Mohamed Imbaby 36, and Mohamed G. 28.
On August 12, detainee Refaat Radwan died in Abu Zaabal prison from medical negligence. He was arrested one year ago from his hometown Kafr Agwa in Zagazig, Sharqeya.
HRM documented the death of 40 year old Bakry Mohamed Amin on August 16, as a result of the spiraling heat and overcrowding of cells in Qena General Prison. His colleagues tried to help him and called for assistance however police and prison forces ignored their repeated pleas.
On August 16 Hamdy Rizq Ismail 48, died in Gamasa high security prison as a result of medical neglect. Hamdy suffered from the heat and his fever rose without first aid being offered.
Talaat Allam Ali 64, died in Minya Prison on August 19 as a result of medical negligence and poor health care. He suffered from fever and low blood circulation because during the recent heat wave in Egypt.
On August 20, HRM recorded the death of Bahaa al Din Sayed Abdul Monem 50, died in the military forces camp because of the overcrowding in cells.
– Ahmed Mohamed Mohamed Hamed 46 died from torture on August 21, while subjected to enforced disappearance. He was arrested from his father’s house by National security in Fayoum and remained missing until his death. According to his family which received information Ahmed received electric shocks for over 6 hours inside the Fayoum police station. According to the hospital report he died from a heart attack.
– On August 24th HRM recorded the death of Shaaban Abdul Latif Abdul Al 52, as a result of medical neglect and deprivation of medication in Ebshway, Fayoum.
– Mohamed Abdallah Khamis 28 and Salem Alsayed Baseer 25 were killed on their poultry farm in Fayoum on August 28 after police and military forces stormed their workplace and shot live bullets according to testimonies by eye witnesses.
A statement was later released by the Interior Ministry allowing that it attacked the farm after there was an exchange of fire between the two parties however witnesses asserted this was not true and that the victims were weapon free.
Detainee Khaled Ahmed Zahran Ali, 51 died on August 23rd from medical negligence in Assuit Prison after his blood sugar rose and his fever spiked. According to medical report he suffered from low blood circulation. The teacher was a father of five was subjected to torture and placed in solitary confinement and continued electric shocks. He was arrested from his home in Assuit on June 22nd and charged with possessing pamphlets and protesting and his detention was systematically renewed with complete disregard to his health. The prison’s officials refused to allow him medication or health care. Moreover his family was forced to sign a confession allowing that he organized protests before handing over his body for burial.
HRM warns of the increasing number of deaths inside detention centers. More than 300 have died since the ousting of the former president Dr. Mohamed Morsi on July 3rd, 2013 to date. Most victims have died as a result of medical neglect and torture inside prisons.
HRM states that authorities have transferred 12 detainees from the Aqrab High Security Prison to the Tora Prison hospital after their health deteriorated.
HRM has highlighted the poor prison conditions in a report titled “Slow death for Aqrab Prison Detainees” in which it documented the escalating violation against detainees in the prison.
The prison’s administration transferred Magdy Hussein from the Independent Party , Magdy Qarqar its secretary general, Rashad Bayoumy from the Muslim Brotherhood’s Bureau, Essam Hashish, Mustafa Ghoneimy and Ahmed Abdu Zeid leading figures from the MB after several detainees died in prison during the last few months the latest being Islam Derbala whose case was documented earlier.
HRM documented the names of 38 eliminated civilians from Sheik Zuweid and Rafah cities in North Sinai including 8 children and a woman namely:
1: Ahmed Salem Hassan Alhawary killed August 1st 2015
2: Mohamed Salem Hassam Alhawary killed August 1st, 2015
3: Hassan Salem Hassan Alhawary killed August 1st, 2015
They were killed on their farm in the Alahrash district in Rafah City
1: Mohamed Awda Abdul Monem 9 years, killed August 4th 2015
2: Khatam Diab 25 years, killed August 4th 2015
3: Awda Mohsen 6 years, killed August 4th, 2015
4: Hoda Foad 8 months, killed August 4th, 2015
5: Haneen Hassan Awad, 8 years, killed August 4th, 2015
6: Mansour Gomaa Mohsen, 12 years, killed August 4th, 2015
7: Hassan Awad 34, killed August 4th 2015
Militants attempting to shell an Egyptian security checkpoint missed and killed the family in North Sinai Sheik Zuweid Alzawara and Abul Arag villages.
1: Mohamed Mansour Abu Holy was killed August 6, 2015
2: Iman Mansour Abu Holy was killed August 6, 2015
3: Alsheik Hassan Awad, a veteran during the Israeli occupation in Sinai was killed on August 6, 2015
4: Military forces shelled from an Egyptian security checkpoint and killed the family in Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula
5: Shoeib Mabrouk Hussein 16, was killed on august 19, 2015
6: Abdallah Salama Suleiman 29, was killed August 19, 2015
Victims were killed without legal support when military forces targeted them from checkpoints in Almasoura and Algawra districts.
7: Sabah Mubarak 46 was killed on August 23, 2015
He died from injuries sustained in the head from shrapnel while waiting to pray in front of the Abu Badr Mosque.
Military kills 4 civilian from the Kharafeen family on August 25, 2015 including Suleiman Abu Aggag 25 and Abdul Latif Abu Aggag 22.
Killed during storming of homes and random shooting in North Rafah villages 21 and 22.
Egypt’s military forces killed two members from the Balaa family in North Rafah however did not report their deaths for documenting or details concerning them.
Armed assailants killed 9 civilians alleging they were affiliated with the army. The victims include:
1: Hamada Shuwetar killed August 8, 2015
2: Croatian hostage Thomaslov Slobak killed August 8, 2015
3: Eid Alrewey killed August 25, 2015
4: Mohamed Ayoum 50, killed August 26, 2015
5: Hamdy Ismail Ibrahim Alqalagy 65, killed August 26, 2015
6: Ibrahim Farag Aroug killed August 27, 2015
7: Abdul Aziz Aweida, killed August 16, 2015
8: Eid Hamid killed August 16, 2015
9: Fayez Alasfar, killed August 18, 2015
Residents found 7 bodies 5 which were unknown discarded in the desert with bullet wounds in East Arish. Cases 1 to 5 remain anonymous found by residents with signs of torture on their bodies.
6: Alaa Ahmed Selim a photographer was found dead in the desert East Arish with a bullet wound to the head on August 11, 2015. He was arrested and remained missing for more than 12 days by the 101 unit in Arish.
7: Mahmoud Shaaban was found dead in the desert East Arish with bullet wounds on August 15, 2015 after he was arrested by unit 101 and subjected to enforced disappearance.
Egyptian Military forces in the Zohoor camp in Sheik Zuweid city arrested four residents including a woman. To date no information has been provided regarding their location. They include:
1: Mohamed Suleiman Nasr Gantoosh arrested August 4, 2015
2: Mohamed Ashteyan arrested August 4, 2015
3: Hassan Gantoosh arrested August 22, 2015
4: Samaher Hussein Saber Abu Rayash arrested August 22, 2015 and later transferred to the national security headquarters in Arish city with no other details provided
The next part of the report covers death sentences and papers referred to the Mufti for ratification including 32 individuals in 4 different cases:
1: Samalout police station incident:
Minya’s court referred 8 civilian’s papers to the Mufti on August 9, 2015 after they were accused of storming and burning the Samalout police station and public property and killing a police officer following the Rabaa dispersal in 2013.
The court ordered the continued detention of 26 other defendants and the release of one detainee. September 4 has been scheduled for the rest of the sentences to be announced. Death sentences were served to Mohamed Farouk, Mohamed Abdul Hamid, Khaled Abdul Razek, Ibrahim Werdany, Ashour Khalil, Mahmoud Hamdy Alsayed, Ahmed Mohamed Kamel and Abdo Mohamed Kamel.
Zawahry Cell case:
Cairo’s Criminal Court referred the papers 0f 10 defendants to the Mufti in the Zawahry Cell case for ratification on August 10, 2015 over numerous false charges including attacking security and judiciary apparatus often leveled to political opposition.
Death sentences were served to Fowzy Mohamed, Omar Mohamed, Mohamed Fathy, Aziz Ezzat, Alsayed Alhariri, Nasser Abdul Fatah, Ahmed Farghaly, Ahmed Mohamed, Ammar Mamdouh and Bilal Ibrahim. The 58 other sentences were postponed to September 27, 2015.
Defendants faced face charges of forming a terrorist group that seek to spread chaos in the society, overthrow the regime, assault security personnel and civilians, in addition to sabotaging churches.
On August 24, a Giza criminal court led by Judge Mohamed Nagy Shehata, issued a preliminary death sentence to two activists supporting Egypt’s ousted president Mohamed Morsi in what is known the “Ultras Rabaawy” trial. The court’s final verdict concerning the two defendants, along with three other defendants in the case, is scheduled for 3 October.
According to defense lawyer Mohamed Algendy police officials subjected the detainees to torture to extract confessions to crimes they did not commit. 6th October City.
Anqudeya Cell Case:
On August 27, Belbes Court referred 12 defendants convicted of forming a terrorist cell to the Mufti in the renowned Daesh case number 51717, 2014, in Minya Amh.
September 12 has been scheduled for announcing the sentence led by Judge Ahmed Debes to 12 defendants including 6 held in Sharqeya.
Defendants include: Khaled Maghawy 37, Hamed Mashaal 45, Abdul Rahman Qutb 23, Mohamed F 33, and law student Haytham and college student form Ismailia.
It is worth noting that since events on July 3rd, 2013 after the ousting of President Mohamed Morsi Egypt’s courts have referred 1700 papers to the Mufti, for a consultative review in politicized cases.
HRM stresses that the right to life is a right ratified in all international agreements including the human rights covenant which mandates in article 6; every human being has the inherent right to life. This right shall be protected by law. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his life.
HRM confirms that it has submitted several reports to the UN Working Group on Death Penalty and Extra-Judicial killing and Special Rapporteur for arbitrary arrests and to Commissioner for AU human rights committee to monitor these crimes covered under the legal guise.
Recommendations by HRM
HRM condemns the elimination and extrajudicial killing policy adopted by the Egyptian police force without justification during the recent period.
HRM condemns the systematic torture and medical neglect of detainees in Egypt’s prisons which has led to the death of scores of detainees.
HRM calls for on prisons to commit to the prisoner rights and morals outlined in this respect and to respect the UN agreement for prisoners’ treatment and rights.
HRM calls on Egypt’s authorities to respect the bands ad articles in the Human Rights agreements and conventions particularly the convention for political and civil rights.
HRM calls for immediate intervention from the UN Working Group on Death Penalty and Extra-Judicial killing and the international community to end the above mentioned crimes against humanity.
HRM calls on the international community to take a serious stance against the death sentence especially after 5 executions have already been carried out.
HRM calls for the forming of an international human rights fact finding committee to oversee the legality of the mass death penalties served.
HRM calls for the end of these arbitrary sentences and for a retrial for all defendants monitored by an international committee to guarantee the integrity, independence and justice of the judiciary hearing the cases.